A questão de Taiwan

The Taiwan issue

In a well-founded and very timely article, Ambassador Duarte de Jesus, knowledgeable and experienced in the diplomatic issues of the East, brings the facts that it is important to remember, restoring the historical truth – and facing the ignorance and partiality of the generality of the comments. Facts that reveal the time and the way of American power, committed in the worst way to face the economic growth and the international affirmation of China, which they feel as a threat to their imperial hegemony. I transcribe as much as possible of what seems essential to me. And don’t forget to read Kissinger.

«The island of Taiwan began to gain international importance from 1620, when the first Europeans passed through there, namely Portuguese and Spanish. The Portuguese, who baptized it with the name of Formosa and who thought they would have a long-term establishment there, ended up definitively opting for Macau.

The island became an integral part of the Chinese Empire during the Ming dynasty, but since elements that did not accept the new Qing dynasty settled on it, this fact brought a period of prolonged crisis that only came to an end with Emperor Kang. Xi, after having defeated the so-called Feudatory States and thus having recovered several territories, among them the island of Formosa or Taiwan, in 1683.”

Then it was a long story. «Following the secret diplomacy operation between Zhou en Lai and Kissinger, Nixon’s famous visit to Beijing takes place in 1972 and the Shanghai Declaration of February 1972 is signed, which should have marked the solution of the Taiwan problem. until today, it was not a new zigzagging of American diplomacy.

Let us quote only the conclusions of the aforementioned Declaration with regard to the Taiwan problem:

‘Both parties have reviewed the long-standing disputes between China and the United States. The Chinese side reaffirmed its position: the Taiwan issue is the crucial issue that creates an impediment to the normalization of relations between China and the United States; The government of the People’s Republic of China is the only legal government in China; Taiwan is a province of China that has long since been returned to the motherland; Taiwan’s liberation is an internal Chinese problem in which no other country has the right to intervene; and all American forces and military installations must leave Taiwan. The Chinese government will firmly oppose any activity aimed at creating ‘one China, one Taiwan’, ‘one China, two governments’, ‘two Chinas’, ‘an independent Taiwan’ or ‘that the status of Taiwan remains to be determined later’.

The US stated: ‘The US recognizes that all Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Strait remain where they are, but there is only one China and Taiwan is part of China. The US government does not question this position. It reaffirms its interest in a peaceful solution to the Taiwan question by the Chinese themselves. With this objective in mind, they claim as the ultimate objective the withdrawal of US Armed Forces and military installations from Taiwan. In the meantime, they will progressively reduce their forces and military installations in Taiwan as tension in the area eases. The two sides agreed on the need to broaden the mutual understanding of the two peoples. To this end, both sides discussed specific areas such as science, technology, culture, sport, journalism, as well as ways of person-to-person contact for mutual benefit’.

The text also defines that neither party will seek hegemony in the Asian region.

Nothing could be clearer than these intentions on both sides, so that the Taiwan problem would have a peaceful solution in the medium term.

On 10/27/71, the UN recognizes the People’s Republic of China as the only representative state of China and discredits the diplomatic representatives of Chiang Kai-Shek. The PRC takes over Taiwan’s seat on the Security Council, which had been assigned to it since the end of World War II.

With this fact, Taiwan no longer has the status of a State in terms of international law. Today, only about 17 countries recognize Taiwan and have diplomatic relations; and more than 40 have only commercial and/or cultural relationships.

Unfortunately, American foreign policy soon abandons this entire architecture outlined by Kissinger and Zhou en Lai, with the commitment of Nixon and Mao. As is well known, Nixon abdicated in August 1974.”

I end with the answer given to me in Macau by our Chinese maid, an educated young woman, when I asked her how the Taiwan problem would be resolved: “When China is like Taiwan, everything will be resolved”.

A future of peace that the American imperial power has done everything to derail.

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