With the arrival of summer and the respective bathing season, the concern with the appearance of the legs comes to the fore and, consequently, the prevention of varicose veins is a priority.
If you still don’t have varicose veins, but you feel pain, tiredness or swelling in your legs, or you notice the appearance of spots on your skin, you should be aware of the possibility of having chronic venous disease.
Although women are more likely to develop varicose veins, the truth is that varicose veins are universal. Some risk factors for the appearance of varicose veins are obesity, physical inactivity, and orthostatism.
Want to know what varicose veins are and how you can avoid them? Then continue reading this article.
What are varicose veins?
Briefly, varicose veins are superficial, insufficient and dilated veins, with more than 3 mm in diameter, which are usually tortuous. These veins are not effective in carrying out their function, which is to return blood from all parts of the body towards the heart.
Although any vein can become “varicose”, varicose veins are more common in the lower limbs.
The symptoms of varicose veins vary from person to person, and depend a lot on the condition they are in. The most common symptoms/signs of this condition are located in the lower limbs and are:
- Feeling tired and heavy;
- Edema (swelling);
- Skin pigmentation.
In most cases, varicose veins arise due to family history. That is, if there are people with varicose veins in the family, it is more likely that they may belong to the risk group and thus have this problem in the future.
In addition to the hereditary factor, there are other factors that potentiate the appearance of varicose veins, such as:
- Overweight or obesity;
- People who spend a lot of time sitting or standing;
- Pregnancy, the greater the risk the greater the number of pregnancies;
Prevention of varicose veins: 9 useful tips
Even though heredity is a relevant factor, there are some precautions that can help prevent the onset of symptoms and eventually prevent the appearance of varicose veins:
- Engage in physical activity (eg, walking);
- Maintain a healthy weight;
- Change position frequently, in order to stimulate blood circulation (avoid spending long periods of time sitting or standing still);
- When recommended, wear elastic compression stockings;
- Avoid wearing tight clothing;
- Do not wear very high heels;
- Hydrate the body daily, especially the feet and legs;
- On hot days, or whenever you have symptoms, massage your legs with cold water, from bottom to top, for a few minutes;
- Consult an angiologist/vascular surgeon to follow their guidelines.
What if I develop varicose veins?
The therapeutic plan should be determined by the vascular surgeon.
As a rule, a venous Doppler ultrasound of the lower limbs is performed, which is easy, quick and painless, and based on the results, the specialist will recommend the best approach.
The most common approach is conservative therapy, that is, some daily care, use of elastic compression stockings and, eventually, the administration of drugs.
In the event that conservative therapy does not work or is not sufficient, it is necessary to resort to other treatments, which include:
- Sclerotherapy (injection of a chemical substance that will block the vessel);
- Transcutaneous laser therapy;
- Radiofrequency or endovascular laser therapy;
- Vascular surgery
Now that you know how to prevent varicose veins…
It is important that you put into practice all the information we provide in this article. After all, prevention is always the best solution, as it helps to avoid future complications or more radical treatments.
So that you can show your legs without fear and, above all, have good health and quality of life, don’t expect to suffer from the symptoms of varicose veins, apply our advice now. If you have any signs of this condition, do not hesitate and look for a vascular surgeon immediately.
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