Fabiana Bezerra diz que projeto procura levar estratégias de ensino sobre educação sexual

Project brings awareness against HIV in schools – 08/20/2022 – News – Tribuna do Norte

A project of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) wants to take HIV and AIDS awareness activities to schools in the municipal and state schools. Created in 2018, “HIV/Aids? I dont care?” passed through three schools in Natal and still lacks support to reach more students in the final grades of elementary school and high school classes, says the creator of the program Fabiana Lima Bezerra. In one year, between 2021 and 2020, RN recorded a 15.2% increase in cases of the disease. In the decade, between 2011 and 2021, the percentage of growth observed was 36.8%, according to a survey by the State Department of Public Health.

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Fabiana Bezerra says the project seeks to bring teaching strategies on sex education

The professor at the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology (DMP/UFRN), Fabiana Bezerra, says that the idea is to use sex education teaching strategies to warn about the growing number of HIV infections in the state, especially in the 15-29 age group. . “I wondered about this scenario. Faced with so much information, what is causing this increase? And we notice a lack of educational campaigns for these young people. In the 1980s, 1990s, we had many campaigns and over time we noticed a decrease”, she analyzes.

Bezerra adds that although young people are aware of the existence of the virus, prevention has been in the background. “The virus is in the club, in the bar, in the dating app, but information about prevention is not coming. This is not done in schools, so in view of this situation I conceived this project to bring this information to young people, in a way that they can build this knowledge, individually and collectively. The goal is for them to be able to internalize this knowledge and transform the current situation,” he highlights.

In addition to Fabiana, the project is also coordinated by Professor Maria Teresa Mota and five students from the Biological Sciences course. During visits to schools, the team organizes conversation circles, lectures, board games and activities with question boxes on the subject. In the first contact with the class, the teachers distribute a sheet of paper so that students can express their doubts anonymously, as a way of guiding the planning and dynamics of subsequent activities.

“For example, we try to bring experiences to students that can mimic a real situation. There is a dynamic that is the chain of transmission, where the objective is to make students identify how a chain of transmission occurs, risk behavior and that they can perceive the previous relationships, the previous partners that people had throughout the life” explains professor Fabiana Lima Bezerra.

The professor of the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology at UFRN reports difficulties in taking the program to schools. This year, the “HIV/Aids? I dont care?” reached only one public school unit, the José Fernandes Machado State School, in the Ponta Negra district, south of the capital. For this year, activities are expected to reach the Walfredo Gurgel State School, in the Candelária neighborhood.

Seeking to expand the scope of the actions, Fabiana Bezerra says that she closed a partnership with the non-governmental organization Atitude Cooperación, which serves children and adolescents in the Bom Pastor and Felipe Camarão neighborhoods, in the west of the capital. According to the coordinator of Atitude Cooperation, Ewerton Cortez, the expectation is that HIV/AIDS prevention actions will reach around 400 students linked to the NGO.

“While in the 1980s and 1990s this issue was discussed a lot, today it has lost strength from the point of view of prevention actions, so it is a very important initiative, of great value. This is essential so that we can work especially on prevention, which is nothing more than anticipating so that the young person cannot be infected with AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. That’s why this partnership with Professor Fabiana’s research is important”, says Ewerton Cortez.

The NGO coordinator explains that the prevention actions extend to the students’ parents, due to the “taboos that exist around the topic”. “

“We are working with Professor Fabiana respecting the age groups because they are children and adolescents. We will always be in communication with those responsible because parents will be affected. We work according to the approach that parents have with their children and then we expand our actions with Atitude Cooperación students”, she says.

RN has 38 points for treatment

The coordinator of the STI/Aids and Viral Hepatitis State Program, Gislainhy Pires, recognizes that the increase in rates in a decade can be explained by the lack of massive campaigns to prevent the disease. “Despite the short time at the head of the program, I have already diagnosed the relevance of looking at young people, in an expanded way, permeated by communication strategies associated with a better way of understanding the target audience. An IBGE survey shows that young people between the ages of 13 and 17 started to consume more drugs and alcohol and to use condoms less. Faced with this reality, we understand that we need to change this scenario and intensify access to information and means of prevention”, she says.

Gislainhy Pires also states that there is a possibility of establishing partnerships with UFRN to explore the “HIV/Aids? I dont care?” and inclusion in the School Health Program (PSE). “Our goal is to guide and dialogue with young people about sexually transmitted infections.” Pires details that the State Program is expanding care in hospitals and reinforcing testing actions in municipalities, in addition to initiatives within prison units.

The state support network has a network with 32 points of care for post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and six points for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Follow-up can be done at one of the 14 Specialized Assistance Services (SAE). “After the positive diagnosis for HIV, this person is followed up. There in the SAE units, she will have access to a multidisciplinary team, collect viral load tests, in addition to withdrawing the necessary medicines for her treatment”, adds the professional.

The main units are: Hospital Giselda Trigueiro (Natal), Hospital Rafael Fernandes (Mossoró), Specialized Assistance Services – Gerson Feitosa Clinical Center (Caicó) and Specialized Assistance Services Anita Garibaldi (Macaíba).

In a decade, AIDS causes 1,400 deaths in RN

The latest epidemiological bulletin from the State Department of Public Health (Sesap), released in May this year, shows that RN recorded 1,404 AIDS deaths between 2011 and 2021, an average of 127 deaths per year, an index that is considered worrying by the authorities. state health facilities. In the same period, the State had 6,470 AIDS cases, 64 of which were in children under five years of age, 1,057 were pregnant women and 1,068 were children exposed to the virus. The survey also shows that 6,906 HIV infections were recorded.

The numbers correspond to an increase of 36.8% in the registration of AIDS cases and 28.8% in cases of HIV infection. The differentiation is made because HIV and AIDS are not synonymous. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS, which attacks specific cells of the immune system (T-CD4+ lymphocytes), responsible for defending the body against diseases. Unlike other viruses, such as the flu, the human body cannot get rid of HIV. Having HIV does not mean that a person will develop AIDS; however, once infected, a person will live with HIV throughout their lives.

The AIDS detection rate in Rio Grande do Norte increased in the evaluated period, from 15.5 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants in 2011 to 19.1 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants in 2021, revealing an increase of 23.3%. With the exception of Seridó, which had a 20% reduction, the other regions showed an increase in the detection rate, with variations of 94.4% in Agreste, 17.4% in West, 43.4% in Mato Grande, 30.7% in Trairi/Potengi, 56.1% in Alto Oeste, 9.9% in the Metropolitan Region and 71.9% in Vale do Açu.

The highest concentration of cases, between 2011 and 2021, was observed in individuals aged between 30 and 39 years (31.1%). In men, the age group that showed the greatest variation in the period was between 13 and 19 years old (184%) and, in women, the greatest growth was observed in the age group of 60 years and over (150%).

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