Anxiety crises, or anxiety disorder, are present in the daily lives of many people. They are usually related to expectations and concerns in challenging and unfamiliar situations. Although anxiety is a natural reaction of the body, it is necessary to understand when it becomes pathological and thus identify the signs. Therefore, Flávia Schueler, psychiatrist and director of SIG Residency Therapeutic, explains what the symptoms of the disease are and how to control the crises. Check out!
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How to identify an anxiety attack?
anxiety disorders, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), they are diseases related to the functioning of the body and life experiences. Characterized by the peak moment of symptoms, anxiety attacks can manifest suddenly, for no apparent reason, because the sympathetic nervous system is activated.
The symptoms of anxiety attacks can be difficult to identify, as physical manifestations they are also often confused with the symptoms of a heart attack, especially by those who have never had a crisis before, as the psychiatrist Flávia Schueler explains.
“Often, the patient or their close family members do not realize right away that it is an anxiety crisis. […] Therefore, the evaluation of a professional is essential for the correct diagnosis and indication of treatment accordingly”, explains the specialist.
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder
According to psychiatrist Flávia Schueler, the symptoms of an anxiety crisis can vary from person to person, as well as the duration. But among the most common symptoms are:
- Chest pain;
- Accelerated heart;
- Shortness of breathe;
- Muscle tension;
- intense sweat;
- Fear to die;
- Feeling faint.
Causes of crises
As the psychiatrist explains, there is no single cause for anxiety attacks. “Anxious crises can be triggered by intense stress, chronic pain, sleep deprivation, situations of emotional and physical abuse, as well as overwork, as in Burnout syndrome”, exemplifies the doctor.
In addition to the reasons cited, the specialist also cites panic disorders. “Your attacks, also called panic attacks, are spontaneous and can be correlated with excitement, physical exertion, or emotional trauma. They last for a maximum of 10 minutes, with increasing symptoms of extreme fear and a feeling of death, associated with the physical symptoms of tachycardia, palpitations, sweating and dyspnea”, analyzes the specialist.
How to treat anxiety disorders?
According to psychiatrist Flávia Schueler, seeking the proper treatment with a specialized professional is essential. “Anxiety disorders precede depression, greater in 65% of cases. Other comorbidities are also involved in patients with anxiety disorders, such as: alcohol and substance abuse, agoraphobia and others”, explains the psychiatrist.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) there are three types of treatments for anxiety disorders, they are:
- Medicines (always with the accompaniment of a doctor);
- Psychotherapy with a psychologist or psychiatrist;
- Combination of the two treatments.
Techniques that can help
Breathing helps to keep the body relaxed and prevents the feeling of suffocation. Therefore, practicing breathing exercises can help in these moments. If possible, try to focus the thought on a positive memory. “You have to work on thinking to put it into practice. If there is any support medication, it is important that the individual in crisis uses it at that moment”, explains psychiatrist Flávia Schueler. Trying to relax the muscles can also help at this time.
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