Brazil has almost 4,500 cases of Monkeypox;  EC is the 10th state with the most cases

Brazil has almost 4,500 cases of Monkeypox; EC is the 10th state with the most cases

Almost three months after the confirmation of the first case, Brazil already has almost 4,500 patients with Monkeypox. Update this Sunday, 28, points to 4,493 confirmations. Another 4,860 people have cases still under investigation. Ceará is the 10th state with the highest number of confirmations, with 48 cases.

National data are from the Center for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance (Cievs) and the Center for Emergency Operations – COE/Monkeypox, from the Ministry of Health (MS).

In the last week, the national folder received the first treatments against the disease. The antiviral Tecovirimat is indicated for patients at risk of developing severe forms of the disease. According to MS, the 12 treatments received by the paste were donated to Brazil by the manufacturing laboratory.

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The National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) authorized “on an exceptional and temporary character the waiver of the registration of the imported drug” by the folder, due to the public health emergency of international importance, since Tecovirimat has no registration in the country.

View numbers by state

Situation in Ceará

Ceará has 48 confirmed cases of Monkeypox. In all, 550 notifications of suspected cases were made. Cases more than tripled in two weeks in Ceará.

Of these, 227 have already been discarded after laboratory results were negative for the virus. Another 220 are still under investigation. Updated data were released by the State Health Department (Sesa) this Sunday, 28.

All cases are male patients. The average age is 32 years, concentrated mainly in the age group from 20 to 39 years, according to the bulletin published last Friday, 16.

Most patients (38) are from Fortaleza, making up 81.2% of the total. The other municipalities with cases are Maracanaú (2), Barbalha (1), Caucaia (1), Jijoca de Jericoacoara (1), Pacajus (1), Russas (1) and Sobral (1). One case is a patient from the State of Piaui.

The most frequent signs and symptoms, according to Sesa’s balance sheet, were rash, reported in 77% of cases. Fever (56.2%) and adenomegaly — swelling in the lymph nodes, also called tongue — (39.5%) were also the most reported symptoms by patients.

What do we know about the disease?

How is it transmitted?

– Mainly through direct person-to-person contact (skin, secretions) and close and prolonged exposure to droplets and other respiratory secretions;

– Body fluids (such as pus, blood from injuries), contact with an injury or indirect contact with the material of the injury;

– Ulcers, lesions or sores in the mouth can also be infectious, which means that the virus can be transmitted through saliva;

– It can also occur in contact with recently contaminated objects, such as clothes, towels, bedding, cutlery and dishes, that have been contaminated with the virus by a sick person.

How to prevent yourself?

– Avoiding contact with people with a suspected case and objects that these people have used;

– Regularly wash your hands with soap and water or use gel alcohol, especially after contact with the infected person.

What are the main symptoms?

– The disease has an incubation period that can vary from 5 to 21 days;

– The febrile stage of the disease usually lasts from 1 to 3 days (fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes (tongues), back pain, muscle pain and lack of energy, chills, weakness);

– The rash stage, lasting 2 to 4 weeks (lesions progress from macules — flat-based lesions — to papules — raised, firm, painful lesions).

How serious is monkeypox?

– In addition to lower transmission, the lethality of monkeypox is also much lower compared to human smallpox. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the mortality rate of the most recently emerged disease is 3% to 6%. The mortality of human smallpox reached 30%, depending on the organ.

– In general, patients take medication only to treat symptoms such as headache and fever. More serious cases can occur in pregnant women, the elderly, children and people who have diseases that decrease immunity.

Are there vaccines available that protect against the disease?

– Vaccines against common (human) smallpox may provide some protection against monkeypox. With the eradication of the disease in the world, in 1980, the vaccine was no longer applied. People who were vaccinated against smallpox more than 40 years ago may still have some protection;

– Some countries in Europe and North America have already started to vaccinate some population groups. The Ministry of Health reported that it is in contact with entities linked to the World Health Organization (WHO) to acquire the immunizing agent. (with agencies)

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