Natal will hold D-Day of vaccination against polio, next Saturday (03). The immunizer will be available at all basic health units (UBS) from 8 am to 12 pm and other points. To get vaccinated, it is necessary for parents or guardians to appear with a vaccination card and photo document.
The city hall, through the Municipal Health Department (SMS), intends to intensify the application of the immunizer in children aged 01 to under 05 years during the month of September.
In addition to the UBS, there will be extra vaccination points at the Ecological Park of Capim Macio (Rua Missionário Joel Carlson with Rua Ismael Pereira da Silva), Via Direta, Midway Mall, Partage Norte Shopping and the Nélio Dias Gym.
During the week, vaccination against polio occurs normally and can be found in all vaccine rooms of basic health units, from Monday to Friday. In addition, the immunizer is also available at extra points, from Monday to Saturday.
With less than two weeks to go until the end of the national polio campaign, more than 11.1 million children still have not received the vaccine against the disease. According to the Ministry of Health, there have already been about 3.174 million applications until this Monday, 29 – only 22.1% of the target audience. Doctors warn of the risks of a return of infantile paralysis in the face of the registration of new cases abroad, including countries such as the United States and Israel.
Launched by the federal government on August 8, the mobilization runs until September 9 and aims to reach coverage equal to or greater than 95% of the public. About 14.3 million children should be vaccinated, according to the campaign’s technical report made by the ministry. In the State of São Paulo, coverage against polio follows the national trend (21%), according to the last balance sheet of the São Paulo government, on Friday, 26.
According to experts, among the reasons for the low demand are the pandemic, difficulties for working parents to take their children to health centers, low perception of risk in the face of the long period without cases of the disease and the lack of more intense campaigns by the federal government. . Fake news (false information) about insecurity or ineffectiveness of immunizers also get in the way.
Polio, or infantile paralysis, is highly contagious. It mainly affects children under five years of age who live in high social vulnerability, especially where there is no adequate water and sewage treatment. Poliovirus (the virus that causes the disease) is transmitted from person to person by fecal-oral route or by contaminated water or food, and also orally-orally, through droplets expelled when talking, coughing or sneezing.
The virus attacks the intestine, but can reach the nervous system and cause irreversible paralysis in the legs and other limbs, and also in the respiratory muscles, which can lead to death. Poliomyelitis has no cure, only prevention, which is done with the vaccine offered by the Unified Health System (SUS).
The vaccination schedule against poliomyelitis consists of the administration of three initial doses, distributed to babies at 2, 4 and 6 months of age with the injectable vaccine (VIP) and inactivated virus. Then, as a booster, two additional doses of oral vaccine (OPV) are given: one when the child is 15 months old and the other between 4 and 5 years old. There is also an injectable vaccine indicated for people up to 19 years of age or for special situations, such as immunocompromised individuals. The vaccination task force runs until September 9, but it is possible to vaccinate at health posts after that date.
The low demand for the vaccine is nothing new compared to previous years. According to DataSUS figures, Brazil has not exceeded the line of 90% of children protected with the inactivated vaccine – administered by injection to babies under 1 year of age – since 2015. In other words, the country has not been able to comply for seven years. with the objective of immunizing 95% or more of the target public of the disease.
According to experts, the covid-19 pandemic and the quarantine imposed to stop the transmission of the virus further brought down childhood immunization rates. In 2021, for example, the rate of vaccinated babies was below 70%.
Polio Vaccination D-Day: Saturday, September 3
Opening of D-Day against Polio: Ecological Park of Capim Macio, from 08:00 to 12:00
Basic health units: 08:00 to 12:00
Direct Via: 09:00 to 21:00
Nélio Days: 09:00 to 14:00
Midway Mall: 10am to 5pm
Partage Norte Shopping: 2pm to 8pm
PAHO sees risk of polio return in Brazil
The problem made the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), an arm of the World Health Organization (WHO), place Brazil in the group of Latin American countries that are at risk of having cases again if vaccination does not grow again.
The last recorded case of poliomyelitis in Brazil was in 1989. The WHO recognized, in 1994, that the country managed to eliminate the virus throughout the national territory. Even without identifying infection for more than 30 years, experts warn that vaccination is necessary because new infections have been identified in recent months.
In July of this year, the United States detected a polio contamination after 29 years. The case was identified in Rockland County, New York, and according to the State Department of Health, the infection may have happened outside the country.
Also in 2022, Mozambique (in May) and Malawi (in February) were two other countries that registered diagnosed patients, as well as Israel, which returned to have patients infected with the poliovirus after three decades.
Pakistan and Afghanistan, two of the only endemic nations in the world that have failed to eliminate the virus to date, have documented 15 polio diagnoses this year, according to the WHO.
reasons for the fall
There are several reasons that explain the drop in the vaccination coverage rate, according to the experts interviewed by Estadão.
For pediatrician Isabella Ballalai, vice president of the Brazilian Society of Immunizations (SBIm), the low numbers are associated with a lower concern of people about the disease – since it has been eliminated in Brazil for almost 30 years. She also says that the lack of priority on the part of public managers and, in some cases, the difficulties of parents in getting their children to a health center, she says.
“We see oblivion. I imagine that no parent of a child under five today is afraid that their son or daughter will get polio, because it’s passed on”, he says. In addition, he highlights, parents are not always available to take their little ones to the health center to receive the necessary doses.
“Brazil has 38,000 vaccination rooms. But what is lack of access? It’s a mother leaving home with six children, with only one having to be vaccinated. She arrives at the clinic and the place is closed because in the in the morning, the professionals in the application room are collecting blood. So, will this mother come back?”, exemplifies the doctor.
She understands, however, that it was not only the families that failed to give priority to the disease and that a “very emphatic” communication on the part of the Ministry of Health would make the difference to reawaken people’s interest in vaccination. “Lack of prioritization on the part of politicians and managers.”
In response, the Ministry of Health says that it “reinforces the importance of vaccination against poliomyelitis to keep the country protected from an already eradicated disease”. of people.” And he added that he works in articulation with states and municipalities to reinforce actions to encourage vaccination.
In the pandemic, President Jair Bolsonaro was criticized for making statements that called into question the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine against covid-19, although it was recommended by international medical and scientific entities. In the debate between presidential candidates on Sunday, 28, Bolsonaro was aggressive with journalist Vera Magalhães, who asked if the misinformation about vaccines, even spread by the president himself, had not contributed to the population’s discrediting of immunizers, in general.
One solution, according to doctor Ester Sabino, is to do mass communication work that increases publicity about the importance of the vaccine. “As people do not see the disease, they forget”, comments the associate professor at the Department of Infectious Diseases at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo (USP).
#Natal #holds #DDay #vaccination #polio #Saturday #News #Tribuna #Norte