Roraima monitors teenager with suspected polio

Roraima monitors teenager with suspected polio

The Health Department of Roraima monitors a 14-year-old girl for suspected poliomyelitis. The case was registered in the city of Rorainópolis, in the interior of the state, on Sunday (28.ago).

The patient is hospitalized at the General Hospital of Roraima Rubens de Souza Bento, in Boa Vista. According to a note (read the full text at the end of the report), the Epidemiological Surveillance of Rorainópolis is investigating the case.

The Health Department of Rorainópolis, in turn, reported that “the Health Surveillance Coordination received the notification and initiated the pertinent treatments to the case” on Monday (29.Aug).

“Although considered eradicated, the aggressive drop in vaccine coverage makes the real reintroduction of the virus in Brazil imminent. The only recommended strategy to prevent the spread of the disease, in addition to maintaining high vaccination coverage, is active surveillance”says the secretary.

In case of doubt, the folder recommends that the population look for the nearest basic health unit.

To Power 360, Ministry of Health confirmed that it has been notified about the case and is supporting the investigation. The folder also highlights the polio vaccination campaign, which began on August 7.

In a note (read the full text at the end of the report), he informs that Minister Marcelo Queiroga will visit Amapá on Thursday (8.September) because it is the “State with the lowest vaccination coverage, in order to make parents aware of the importance of taking their children to vaccination centers”.

about polio

Poliomyelitis is an acute contagious disease caused by a virus. It can cause irreversible and fatal paralysis.

Since 1989, Brazil has not detected cases of the disease. In 1994, it received a certification from PAHO (Pan American Health Organization) that attests to the eradication of infantile paralysis.

Vaccination is the main form of prevention. According to data from the PNI (National Immunization Program), 69.9% of children aged 1 to 4 years received the vaccine dose in 2021. The number was below 70% for the 1st time.

The situation could be worse on a regional reading, according to the PNI. In the South, the rate is 79%; in the North, it is 61%. The state in the worst situation is Amapá, with only 44% of babies immunized.

In the national vaccination campaign against polio, the goal of the Ministry of Health is to vaccinate at least 95% of children in this age group, which total more than 14.3 million people. The vaccine is oral.

Children under 1 year of age should be vaccinated according to the primary schedule (at 2, 4 and 6 months). For the youngest, the immunizer is administered via intramuscular injection.

Globally, immunization campaigns have reduced virus infections from hundreds of thousands to just a few dozen per year. Recently, however, polio has reappeared in some countries, sparking an alarm.

The last time Brazil reached the immunization target was in 2015, with coverage of 98.29% of children born that year. From then on, the percentage of vaccinated began to fall.

It was 84.19% in 2019. In 2020, in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, only 76.15% of babies were immunized against polio.

Here is the full note from the Health Department of Roraima:

“The Health Department of Roraima informs that on August 28, 2022, it became aware of a suspected case of suspected acute flaccid paralysis from the municipality of Rorainópolis, located in the southern region of the state.

“According to the Polio, Flaccid Palsy, Influenza and Tetanus Control Center of the General Health Surveillance Coordination, all acute flaccid paralysis in children under 15 years of age must be notified and investigated as part of the routine monitoring of poliovirus circulation in Brazil.

“The case in question is a 14-year-old patient who presented with Acute Flaccid Palsy, with 7 doses of oral polio vaccine and who is hospitalized in the process of investigating the cause of the paralysis.

“The patient is being monitored by the medical team of the General Hospital of Roraima Rubens de Souza Bento, in Boa Vista (Capital), and the investigation of the case is being carried out by the Epidemiological Surveillance of Rorainópolis.”

Here is the full statement from the Ministry of Health:

“The Ministry of Health was notified of a suspected case of acute flaccid paralysis in a 14-year-old girl in the city of Rorainópolis (RR). According to information provided by the State Health Department, the teenager has 7 doses of oral polio vaccine 1, 2 and 3 (trivalent).

“The patient remains hospitalized and monitored by the medical team of neurologist and infectologist, who also evaluates other diagnoses that can lead to flaccid motor deficiency, such as neuritis or encephalitis.

“The investigation is being carried out by the epidemiological surveillance of the State and the municipality of residence, with support from the Ministry of Health, which guides on the necessary investigation procedures, which will support the diagnosis and closure of the case.

“The Ministry of Health has reinforced the vaccination campaign against polio. Next Thursday (September 8), Minister Marcelo Queiroga will be in another act of mobilization, this time in Amapá – State that has the lowest vaccination coverage, in order to make parents aware of the importance of taking children to vaccination posts.”

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