Music stimulates brain pleasure circuit like food and sex

Music stimulates brain pleasure circuit like food and sex

This Thursday, the 8th, a series of concerts promises to mark, in style, the second and final week of Rock In Rio. The North American band Guns N Roses, for example, the star of this night, will kick off the festival that has taken the public to a frenzy with all its programming. It has musical styles for all tastes, which make fans of good music dance, sing and get emotional; promoting well-being to mental health. It is no wonder that the power of musical notes in our body has already been scientifically proven.

Psychiatrist Jessica Martani, an expert in human behavior and mental health, recalls that researchers at Queens University Belfast, Northern Ireland, found that music therapy dramatically reduces depression in children and adolescents, for example. “This happens because music releases dopamine in the brain and causes a feeling of well-being, relieves tiredness and tensions of the day, it is a strong ally in the most diverse treatments”, she highlights.

“The chords also stimulate the brain’s pleasure circuit, the so-called reward system, which processes information related to the sensation of pleasure or satisfaction, such as food, sex or drugs. limbic system, formed by brain structures that manage the physiological responses to emotional stimuli”, adds the specialist.

According to Jessica, music therapies significantly reduce depression and improve communication and interaction skills, in addition to increasing creativity and reducing stress.

All this processing begins with the penetration of sound vibrations into the inner ear, causing movements in the hair cells that vary according to the frequency of the waves. Sound stimuli travel through the auditory nerve to the temporal lobe, where musical sense-perception takes place: it is at this stage that pitch, timbre, contour and rhythm of the sound are decoded.

Also according to the psychiatrist, the temporal lobe is connected in round trip circuits with the hippocampus, one of the areas linked to memory, the cerebellum and the amygdala – areas responsible for motor and emotional regulation and the feeling of well-being generated by song.

“The benefits go even further and can help to expand and facilitate the learning of young people who listen to music while studying, for example. Sounds can greatly favor cognitive and sensory development, involving the student in such a way that he really crystallizes in his memory a situation”, concludes the doctor.

Even for those who say they are not very connected to music and musical styles, they realize that at times music and sounds evoke memories and thoughts, communicate, provoke sensations, move and move. “When we start to hear a sound or a song, the radio waves that are emitted by an instrument, make our eardrums move. This movement is translated into a chain of signals in our brain that reach the auditory cortex and, from there, that sound is analyzed in relation to rhythm, volume, timbre, harmony, spatial location and resonance. It is as if the brain areas initiate a conversation and organize that sound experience”, emphasizes psychologist Bruna Capozzi.

As this happens, other areas of the brain are also activated: movement, memory, attention, emotion, according to the expert. “This explains why some songs bring us calm, the desire to dance, sadness and joy, among other emotions. In this sense, it is worth mentioning that music has the ability to create and recover memories within the human brain and this can change our mood, both to make us happier and to make us more reflective and even sad”, he says.

“In addition, proper music can help focus and productivity when performing an activity, it can help to calm and fall asleep and can access important memories of our life: making us smile, cry, get angry when remembering past experiences”, concludes Bruno.

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