UK scientists say that patients infected with the monkeypox virus, monkeypox, can develop brain inflammation after recovering from the disease. The condition causes mental confusion and even seizures. The study was published in The Lancet on Thursday (8/9).
According to scientists at University College London, the presence of encephalitis (inflammation in the brain) in monkeypox-affected patients has been identified in enough cases to be considered a “well-founded concern” for health. The researchers analyzed the medical history of 1,500 patients infected with monkeypox and brain complications occur in about 3% of cases.
“We found severe neurological complications like encephalitis and seizures; although they are rare, we have noticed that they occur more frequently in patients who have contracted monkeypox (than in the general population), which is worrying.” .
The group of researchers also listed muscle pain, fatigue, headache, anxiety and depression as common symptoms in individuals afflicted with monkeypox.
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Recently, several countries have recorded cases of patients diagnosed with monkeypox, a rare disease caused by the simian smallpox virus. According to the WHO, the condition is not considered serious: the mortality rate is 1 case in 100. However, it is the first time that it has become identified on a large scale outside the African continent.Getty Images
The disease was first diagnosed in humans in 1970. According to the profile of currently infected patients, most of them homosexuals or men who have sex with men (MSM), specialists suspect a possible contamination through sexual contact, as well as through contact. with injuries to sick people or droplets released during breathingLucas Ninno/Getty Images
According to the U.S. Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “anyone, regardless of sexual orientation, can spread monkeypox through contact with contaminated bodily fluids or shared items (such as clothing and bedding).”Roos Koole/Getty Images
Initially, monkeypox is transmitted by contact with infected monkeys or rodents, and is most common in African countries. Prior to the current outbreak, only four countries outside the continent had identified cases in history.seng chye teo/ Getty Images
Symptoms of the condition include fever, headache, body and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, exhaustion and chills. There are also spots that appear on the entire body (mainly face, hands and feet) and evolve, forming crusts, which later fall off.Wong Yu Liang / EyeEm / Getty Images
The incubation period for the virus ranges from seven to 21 days, but symptoms, which can be very itchy or painful, usually appear after 10 days.Melina Mara/The Washington Post via Getty Images
Because it is a disease very similar to smallpox, the vaccine against the condition also serves to prevent contamination.Natalia Gdovskaia/ Getty Images
According to the scientists, among the patients analyzed, 2.7% had at least one seizure episode, 2.4% had mental confusion and 2% developed encephalitis, which can lead to muscle paralysis, speech and hearing difficulties and episodes of epilepsy. .
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