Pato Branco holds S day of measles vaccination and extends campaign against polio

Pato Branco holds S day of measles vaccination and extends campaign against polio

Due to the low demand for vaccination in recent years and the threats of return of diseases already eradicated, the municipality of Pato Branco holds, this Tuesday (13) the S Day of vaccination against measles. The mobilization aims to update the population’s vaccination status, being an initiative of the State Health Department, together with the municipalities.

Vaccination is scheduled to take place in all Health Units and in the Central Vaccination Room for the entire population that does not have the measles immunization record in their vaccination cards.

According to the immunization department of the Pato Branco Health Department, the campaign against measles in 2022 immunized 3,016 people in Pato Branco, of which 2,438 were children and 578 health workers. This total demonstrates the vaccination coverage of only 45.51% of children under 5 years old, the age group for which the campaign was intended.

The coordinator of the immunization program, Emanoeli Stein, points out that the goal of vaccination against measles, as well as polio, is 95% for both routine and campaign. According to the coordinator, during routine immunizations, the municipality reached 60% of children under 1 year old by July 2022. In 2021, the number of children of the same age vaccinated was 100%.

During S-Day, vaccination will be available for all ages, unlike the campaign that provided for vaccination only in children and health professionals. The first dose against the disease is recommended by the Ministry of Health for babies aged 1 year, while the second dose is given at 15 months, this being the last dose. In the case of adults, those who took only one dose until the age of 29 should complete the vaccination schedule with the second dose. If you prove that you have already received the complete two-dose schedule, there is no need to receive the immunizer again.

Those who do not remember if they were immunized or lost their vaccination card can also receive the vaccine. People between 1 29 years old should take two doses, while people 30 to 59 years old only receive one dose.

According to the Coordinator of the Epidemiology sector, Tatiany Mackievicz Zierhut, measles is an acute, serious and highly contagious infectious disease, requiring attention and care to prevent the disease from reappearing. “Transmission occurs directly, through nasopharyngeal secretions expelled when coughing, sneezing, talking or breathing. Hence, the high contagiousness of the disease. Contagion by dispersion of aerosols with viral particles in the air has also been described, in closed environments, such as schools, day care centers and clinics”, highlights the nurse.

Campaign against polio is extended

The polio vaccination campaign was scheduled to end on September 9. However, the municipality extended the deadline for immunization against the disease until the 30th of that month, with the aim of obtaining greater vaccination coverage.

Aimed at children aged 1 to 4 years, 11 months and 29 days, vaccination can be carried out at health units in the neighborhoods from Monday to Thursday, from 8 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 4 pm, and on Friday, from 8 am to 11 am. The Central Vaccine Room will be open for immunization from Monday to Friday, from 7:30 am to 5:30 pm.

So far, 70.45% of the target audience for immunization against poliomyelitis has been reached, with 3,312 doses applied.

In an article carried out by Agência Brasil, it highlights an alert for the threat of a return of infantile paralysis, from the fall in vaccination coverage against the disease and which coincides with the resurgence of cases in places where the disease was already eradicated, such as in the United States. In the matter, there is also an estimate that three out of 10 Brazilian babies born in 2021 did not take the doses of the immunizer planned for 2, 4 and 6 months of age.

According to Emanoeli, the campaign against polio was more popular than the campaign against measles in Pato Branco. “I believe that the population feels comfortable because the disease is not yet in Brazil. Unfortunately, people are waiting for the imminent risk to vaccinate their children,” he highlights.

With the low demand for immunizers, the coordinator points out that several strategies are designed to circumvent the problem, such as extended hours, vaccination at lunchtime, campaigns on Saturdays and going to schools at the end of shift to vaccinate children. .

According to Agência Brasil, the concern is due to the possibility of worsening cases of poliomyelitis, which may have sequelae or lead to death. Even with part of the people who contract the virus do not show symptoms, the paralysis caused by the disease is irreversible, being more common to happen in the region of the legs. Studies indicate that between 5% and 10% of patients suffering from paralytic poliomyelitis die from paralysis of the respiratory muscles.

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