What can HIGH PRESSURE do to the KIDNEYS?  See the nephrologist ALERT

HIGH PRESSURE: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and how to lower blood pressure

THE arterial hypertensionalso called high blood pressure, is manifested when the blood pressure caused by the contraction of the heart and the walls of the arteries, to propel blood to the whole body, occurs in an intense way, with the ability to provoke damage to organ structure.

THE high pressure affects 30% of the population in the country. In addition, the disease is responsible for triggering up to 80% of cases of stroke and 60% of cases of heart attack (infarction) recorded in the country.

You cardiovascular problemssecond data of Ministry of Health, are responsible for approx. 300 thousand deaths per year in Brazil. In addition, 50% of Brazilians with hypertension still do not know they have the problem.

THE blood pressure is measured using devices such as the tensiometer or sphygmomanometer and can have a relatively large variation without leaving normal levels, according to the Brazilian Society of Cardiology.

See an interview about HIGH PRESSURE with cardiologist Pedro Salerno:

Values ​​equal to or greater than 14 (maximum) and/or 9 (minimum) are considered hypertension for everyone.

Already, for some people, having a pressure below 12 by 8, like 10 by 6, is normal.

What causes high blood pressure?

  • Obesity, family history, stress and aging are associated with the development of hypertension.
  • Overweight and obesity can accelerate the onset of the disease by up to 10 years.
  • Excessive consumption of salt, associated with inappropriate eating habits also contribute to the emergence of hypertension.

What do we feel when we have high blood pressure?

  • Dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, frequent headache, and a change in vision can be warning signs of a change in blood pumping function.
  • A detail that requires alert is that hypertension is usually silent. Therefore, regular measurement of blood pressure is important.

What can I do to lower high blood pressure?

Hypertension is one of the diseases that kill the most today.

Because it is a condition that is often asymptomatic, high blood pressure usually evolves with structural and functional changes in organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys and blood vessels.

High blood pressure can be controlled, especially if patients correctly follow drug treatment and healthy lifestyle habits, such as a balanced diet and physical activity.

Even so, unfortunately only 20% of people with high blood pressure in Brazil correctly take the drug to treat the disease, according to the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC).

Learn more about treating high blood pressure:

  • Hypertension, in most cases, has no cure, but it can be controlled.
  • Treatment does not always mean the use of medication, but it is essential to adopt a healthier lifestyle, such as changing eating habits, reducing salt consumption, regular physical activity, not smoking, and drinking alcohol in moderation, among others.

Why is high blood pressure dangerous?

  • The main complications of hypertension are stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), acute myocardial infarction and chronic kidney disease.
  • In addition, hypertension can lead to hypertrophy of the heart muscle, causing cardiac arrhythmia.
  • The treatment of hypertension in a continuous way increases the quality and life expectancy.

Pressure values ​​equal to or greater than 14 (maximum) and/or 9 (minimum), 14 by 9, are considered hypertension for everyone – PHOTO:FREEPIK/IMAGE BANK

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